A novel approach to cancer staging: Application to esophageal cancer

Hemant Ishwaran, Eugene H. Blackstone, Carolyn Apperson-Hansen, Thomas W. Rice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


A novel 3-step random forests methodology involving survival data (survival forests), ordinal data (multiclass forests), and continuous data (regression forests) is introduced for cancer staging. The methodology is illustrated for esophageal cancer using worldwide esophageal cancer collaboration data involving 4627 patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)603-620
Number of pages18
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Predicted survival
  • Random forests
  • Survival curves
  • TNM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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