A new technique for phase-resolving ocean wave observations by spaceborne spotlight-mode synthetic aperture radar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The retrieval of quantitative information on ocean waves from SAR images is a challenging problem because of the nonlinearities of the imaging mechanism, the presence of speckle noise, and the directional ambiguities associated with the interpretation of a SAR image as a single snapshot in time. We present a new methodology that overcomes some of these problems by utilizing spotlight-mode data from TerraSAR-X and COSMO-SkyMed in combination with advanced subaperture processing. We are able to derive short time series of subaperture images, which show propagation directions and speeds of moving patterns. Then we can use Fourier analysis and a dispersion relation filter to separate actual ocean wave signatures from other contributions. This process is phase-preserving and lets us reconstruct short "videos" of the spatio-temporal evolution of the extracted wave signatures, which are easier to invert into surface slope and elevation fields than conventional SAR images.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages146-148
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781538671504
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2018
Event38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Valencia, Spain
Duration: Jul 22 2018Jul 27 2018

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Volume2018-July

Conference

Conference38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018
CountrySpain
CityValencia
Period7/22/187/27/18

Fingerprint

ocean wave
Water waves
Synthetic aperture radar
synthetic aperture radar
Wave filters
Fourier analysis
Speckle
Time series
COSMO-SkyMed
Imaging techniques
TerraSAR-X
speckle
Processing
temporal evolution
nonlinearity
time series
filter
methodology

Keywords

  • Ocean waves
  • SAR
  • Subaperture processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Romeiser, R., & Graber, H. C. (2018). A new technique for phase-resolving ocean wave observations by spaceborne spotlight-mode synthetic aperture radar. In 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings (pp. 146-148). [8517526] (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS); Vol. 2018-July). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517526

A new technique for phase-resolving ocean wave observations by spaceborne spotlight-mode synthetic aperture radar. / Romeiser, Roland; Graber, Hans C.

2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. p. 146-148 8517526 (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS); Vol. 2018-July).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Romeiser, R & Graber, HC 2018, A new technique for phase-resolving ocean wave observations by spaceborne spotlight-mode synthetic aperture radar. in 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings., 8517526, International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), vol. 2018-July, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 146-148, 38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018, Valencia, Spain, 7/22/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517526
Romeiser R, Graber HC. A new technique for phase-resolving ocean wave observations by spaceborne spotlight-mode synthetic aperture radar. In 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2018. p. 146-148. 8517526. (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)). https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517526
Romeiser, Roland ; Graber, Hans C. / A new technique for phase-resolving ocean wave observations by spaceborne spotlight-mode synthetic aperture radar. 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. pp. 146-148 (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)).
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