Intraluminal ultrasound (ILUS) is a new catheter-based system which produces two-dimensional (2D), cross-sectional images of tubular structures. The principle of image acquisition using 5.0 Fr (30 MHz) and 8.0 Fr (20 MHz) ILUS catheters containing ultrasound transducers at the tip, is equally applicable to all tubular or hollow organs. This article illustrates the feasibility of intraluminal imaging of hollow organ structures, and describes computerized three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the 2D images, using a PC-based image analysis system. A set (n = 90) of longitudinally aligned, consecutive 2D images was sampled from various organs (canine bladder, urethra, jejunum, esophagus, and trachea) and computer processed to produce 3D images. By adjusting image density threshold and viewing angle, the lumen and wall morphology can be examined in any projection. Possible applications include diagnosis of lumen encroaching pathology, guidance of intraluminal instruments, and assessment of the effects of endoluminal interventions.
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