A new complex variant Philadelphia chromosome was detected in a 65-year- old man with acute, pre-B, lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The classic cytogenetic analysis identified an apparently balanced three-way translocation t(1;9;22)(q25;q34;q11.2). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies confirmed the translocation and showed bcr/abl fusion on the der(22). However, these studies revealed that the distal part of the bcr gene was not translocated onto chromosome 1 at 1q25, but inserted into chromosome 17 at 17p12-13. This complex variant translocation was described as a t(1;9;22)(q25;q34;q11.2)ins(17;22)(p12-13;q11.2q11.2). Secondary changes including +8, an inversion of the derivative chromosome 9, a translocation t(14;20)(q11;q13), and an additional derivative 22 were also identified in most of the abnormal cells. The patient died from systemic fungemia and multiorgan failure 9 months after the diagnosis of ALL. The clinical significance of complex variant Philadelphia chromosomes in ALL is reviewed and discussed.
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Bcr/abl gene fusion
- Fluorescence in situ hybridization
- Philadelphia chromosome
- Variant Philadelphia translocation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research