A new architecture for deriving dynamic brain-machine interfaces

José Fortes, Renato Figueiredo, Linda Hermer-Vazquez, José Príncipe, Justin C. Sanchez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Great potential exists for future Brain Machine Interfaces (BMIs) to help paralyzed patients, and others with motor disabilities, regain (artificial) motor control and autonomy. This paper describes a novel approach towards the development of new design architectures and research test-beds for advanced BMls. It addresses a critical design challenge in deriving the functional mapping between the subject's movement intent and actuated behavior. Currently, adaptive signal processing techniques are used to correlate neuronal modulation with known movements generated by the subject. However, with patients who are paralyzed, access to the individual's movement is unavailable. Inspired by motor control research, this paper considers a predictive framework for BMI using multiple adaptive models trained with supervised or reinforcement learning in a closed-loop architecture that requires real-time feedback. Here, movement trajectories can be inferred and incrementally updated using instantaneous knowledge of the movement target and the individual's current neuronal activation. In this framework, BMIs require a computing infrastructure capable of selectively executing multiple models on the basis of signals received by and/or provided to the brain in real time. Middleware currently under investigation to provide this data-driven dynamic capability is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputational Science - ICCS 2006
Subtitle of host publication6th International Conference, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages546-553
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)3540343830, 9783540343837
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
EventICCS 2006: 6th International Conference on Computational Science - Reading, United Kingdom
Duration: May 28 2006May 31 2006

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume3993 LNCS - III
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

OtherICCS 2006: 6th International Conference on Computational Science
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityReading
Period5/28/065/31/06

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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    Fortes, J., Figueiredo, R., Hermer-Vazquez, L., Príncipe, J., & Sanchez, J. C. (2006). A new architecture for deriving dynamic brain-machine interfaces. In Computational Science - ICCS 2006: 6th International Conference, Proceedings (pp. 546-553). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 3993 LNCS - III). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/11758532_72