A needs-driven approach to expatriate adjustment and career development: A multiple mentoring perspective

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151 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although effective in improving socialization, development, and retention in the US domestic context, mentoring would likely benefit expatriates and their firms, but it remains theoretically underdeveloped in the international context. We develop a theory of international mentoring by integrating current perspectives on protean and boundaryless careers with the literature on mentoring and expatriates. Expatriates need multiple mentors to assist their adjustment and development during the pre-departure, expatriation, and repatriation stages of international assignments. We discuss both hierarchical and peer, and formal and informal, mentoring relationships to delineate which relationships best address specific expatriate needs. International mentoring may improve expatriate adjustment, development, and retention, and thus may affect outcomes of international strategy. We conclude by discussing implications and avenues for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-538
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Keywords

  • Expatriate adjustment
  • International mentoring
  • Multiple mentoring
  • Protean and boundaryless careers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Business and International Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Economics and Econometrics

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