A nationwide analysis of clinical outcomes among newborns with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistulas in the United States

Bo Wang, Jun Tashiro, Bassan J. Allan, Juan E. Sola, Punam P. Parikh, Anthony R. Hogan, Holly L. Neville, Eduardo A. Perez

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58 Scopus citations


Background The aim of this study was to examine national outcomes in newborn patients with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) in the United Sates. Methods Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) is designed to identify, track, and analyze national outcomes for hospitalized children in the United States. Inpatient admissions for pediatric patients with EA/TEF for kid's Inpatient Database years 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009 were analyzed. Patient demographics, socioeconomic measures, disposition, survival and surgical procedures performed were analyzed using standard statistical methods. Results A total of 4168 cases were identified with diagnosis of EA/TEF. The overall in-hospital mortality was 9%. Univariate analysis revealed lower survival in patients with associated acute respiratory distress syndrome, ventricular septal defect (VSD), birth weight (BW) < 1500 g, gestational age (GA), time of operation within 24 h of admission, coexisting renal anomaly, imperforate anus, African American race, and lowest economic status. Multivariate logistic regression identified BW < 1500 g (odds ratio [OR] = 4.5, P < 0.001), operation within 24 h (OR = 6.9, P < 0.001), GA <28 wk (OR = 2.2, P < 0.030), and presence of VSD (OR = 3.8, P < 0.001) as independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Children's general hospital and children's unit in a general hospital were found to have a lower mortality rate compared with not identified as a children's hospital after excluding immediate transfers (P = 0.008). Conclusions BW < 1500 g, operation within 24 h, GA < 28 wk, and presence of VSD are the factors that predict higher mortality in EA/TEF population. Despite dealing with more complicated cases, children's general hospital and children's unit in a general hospital were able to achieve a lower mortality rate than not identified as a children's hospital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-612
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2014



  • Birth weight
  • Esophageal atresia
  • Hospital types
  • KID
  • Kid Inpatient Database
  • Mortality
  • Socioeconomic
  • TEF/EA
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula
  • VSD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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