A mutation in Escherichia coli tRNA nucleotidyltransferase that affects only AMP incorporation is in a sequence often associated with nucleotide-binding proteins

L. Zhu, H. Cudny, Murray P Deutscher

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Abstract

Escherichia coli strain 5C15 contains a mutation in the cca gene that decreases AMP incorporation by tRNA nucleotidyltransferase while leaving CMP incorporation unaffected. Earlier studies of the purified mutant enzyme suggested that the mutation was localized to the AMP-incorporating site. In order to analyze this mutation in more detail, the cca gene from strain 5C15 was cloned into plasmid pUC8. Analysis of tRNA nucleotidyltransferase activity in extracts of a strain transformed with this plasmid demonstrated an elevated level of CMP incorporation, but low AMP incorporation, as expected from the properties of the original mutant. Sequence analysis of the mutant cca gene revealed only a single G to A point mutation leading to a glycine to aspartic acid substitution at position 70 of the peptide chain. The amino acid change was localized to one of two Gly-X-Gly-X-X-Gly sequences present in the protein. This sequence has been identified previously near the nucleotide-binding domain of various proteins, but it has not been noted in enzymes that incorporate nucleotide residues. However, other sequences often associated with ATP-binding domains are not found in tRNA nucleotidyltransferase. The implications of these findings for our understanding of nucleotide-binding domains are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14875-14877
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number32
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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