A multi-model intervention including an occlusive dressing and parental engagement to prevent pediatric surgical site infections for elective ambulatory procedures in a resource-constrained setting: an observational retrospective study from a tertiary center in Central Haiti

Neema Kaseje, Jacquemine Pinard, Willy Fils Jean Louis, Jean Louis MacLee, Andre Patrick Jeudy, Henri Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: In resource-limited settings, up to two-thirds of surgical patients develop surgical site infections (SSIs). Our aim was to implement a multimodal protocol including an occlusive dressing and parental engagement to achieve low SSI rates in patients undergoing elective ambulatory pediatric surgery at a tertiary center in Haiti. Methods: An observational retrospective review of pediatric patients who underwent elective ambulatory procedures from August 2015 to May 2016 following the implementation of a multimodal protocol consisting of: washing and prepping the operative site with chlorhexidine; review of the surgical safety checklist; one dose of cefazolin before incision; after wound closure application of steri strips, gauze, and tegaderm; and with parental engagement maintenance of the dressing until the follow-up visit. Results: We performed 119 procedures in 99 patients. Mean age was 6.2 years. The most common procedure was inguinal hernia repair (66%); 89% of parents returned to clinic with their children for the follow-up visit, which occurred on average on day 7.6 (range 3–40 days). The SSI rate was 1% (CI 0.00–0.03). Conclusion: Implementing a multimodal protocol including an occlusive dressing and parental engagement led to a 1% SSI rate in a resource-constrained setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)891-895
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Surgery International
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Global surgery
  • Infection
  • Outcomes
  • Patient safety
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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