A multi-level analysis of team climate and interpersonal exchange relationships at work

Herman H.M. Tse, Marie T. Dasborough, Neal M. Ashkanasy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


This paper seeks to advance research on interpersonal exchange relationships between supervisors, subordinates, and coworkers at work by integrating social exchange, workplace friendship, and climate research to develop a multi-level model. We tested the model using hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) with data obtained from a sample of 215 manager-employee dyads working in 36 teams. At the individual level, leader-member exchange (LMX) was found to be related to workplace friendship. Further, workplace friendship was positively related to team-member exchange (TMX) and mediated the LMX-TMX relationship. At the team level, HLM results indicated that the relationship between LMX and workplace friendship was moderated by affective climate. These findings suggest that high-quality LMX relationships are associated with enhanced workplace friendship between employees, especially when the affective climate is strong.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-211
Number of pages17
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Affective climate
  • Leader-member exchange (LMX)
  • Team-member exchange (TMX)
  • Workplace friendship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


Dive into the research topics of 'A multi-level analysis of team climate and interpersonal exchange relationships at work'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this