A model of real time monitoring of the cochlear function during an induced local ischemia

Krzysztof Morawski, Fred F. Telischi, Kazimierz Niemczyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in intraoperative monitoring (IM) of cochlear ischemic episodes in animals during internal auditory artery (IAA) compression. The IAA was exposed using the posterior fossa approach and then compressed for 3 and 5 min intervals to effect ischemia. DPOAE amplitudes and phases were measured at 4, 8, and 12 kHz geometric mean frequency (GMF). In each monitored ear, laser-Doppler cochlear blood flow (CBF) was measured. All IAA compressions resulted in rapid decrease of DPOAE amplitude and CBF, with simultaneous DPOAE phase increase. DPOAE phase changes were found to increase consistently within several seconds of IAA compression, while corresponding DPOAE amplitudes changed more slowly, with up to 30-40 s delays. Following IAA release, DPOAEs at 12 kHz GMF were characterized by longer delays in returning to baseline than those measured at lower frequencies. In some cases, CBF did not return to baseline. In this animal model, DPOAEs were found to be sensitive measures of cochlear function during transient cochlear ischemic episodes, suggesting the utility of DPOAE monitoring of auditory function during surgery of cerebello-pontine angle tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-127
Number of pages11
JournalHearing Research
Volume212
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Keywords

  • Cochlear blood flow
  • Cochlear ischemia
  • Cochlear reperfusion
  • Otoacoustic emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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