A Method to extrapolate the diffuse upwelling radiance attenuation coefficient to the surface as applied to the Marine Optical Buoy (MOBY)

Kenneth J. Voss, Howard R. Gordon, Stephanie Flora, B. Carol Johnson, Mark Yarbrough, Michael Feinholz, Terrence Houlihan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The upwelling radiance attenuation coefficient KLu in the upper 10 m of the water column can be significantly influenced by inelastic scattering processes and thus will vary even with homogeneous water properties. The Marine Optical Buoy (MOBY), the primary vicarious calibration site for many ocean color sensors, makes measurements of the upwelling radiance Lu at 1, 5, and 9 m, and uses these values to determine KLu and to propagate the upwelling radiance directed toward the zenith, Lu, at 1 m to and through the surface. Inelastic scattering causes the KLu derived from the measurements to be an underestimate of the true KLu from 1 m to the surface at wavelengths greater than 575 nm; thus, the derived water-leaving radiance is underestimated at wavelengths longer than 575 nm. A method to correct this KLu, based on a model of the upwelling radiance including Raman scattering and chlorophyll fluorescence, has been developed that corrects this bias. The model has been experimentally validated, and this technique can be applied to the MOBY dataset to provide new, more accurate products at these wavelengths. When applied to a 4-month MOBY deployment, the corrected water-leaving radiance Lw can increase by 5% (600 nm), 10% (650 nm), and 50% (700 nm). This method will be used to provide additional and more accurate products in the MOBY dataset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1423-1432
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

Keywords

  • Buoy observations
  • Data processing
  • In situ oceanic observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Atmospheric Science

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