A method of determining interface methanol concentration in an operating direct methanol fuel cell

Jiahua Han, Hongtan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Methanol crossover is a serious problem for a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) since it causes mixed potential and waste of fuel. The amount of methanol crossover directly depends on the methanol concentration at the interface between the anode catalyst layer and the electrolyte membrane. However, no technique is available to measure the methanol concentration at this interface in an operating DMFC. Previous experimental results show that sharp peaks exist in the methanol crossover flux when the cell voltage changes abruptly [1]. Systematic studies on these peaks reveal the formation mechanisms. Furthermore, a novel method to determine the methanol concentration at the interface between the anode catalyst layer and the Nafion® electrolyte membrane is developed. Finally, the relationship between the methanol concentration at this interface and the drag coefficients for methanol and water in an operating DMFC are also derived.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume256
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2014

Keywords

  • DMFC
  • Interface methanol concentration
  • methanol cross-over
  • Methanol drag coefficient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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