A massive phytoplankton bloom induced by an ecosystem-scale iron fertilization experiment in the equatorial Pacific Ocean

Kenneth H. Coale, Kenneth S. Johnson, Steve E. Fitzwater, R. Michael Gordon, Sara Tanner, Francisco P. Chavez, Laurie Ferioli, Carole Sakamoto, Paul Rogers, Frank Millero, Paul Steinberg, Phil Nightingale, David Cooper, William P. Cochlan, Michael R. Landry, John Constantinou, Gretchen Rollwagen, Armando Trasvina, Raphael Kudela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1180 Scopus citations

Abstract

The seeding of an expanse of surface waters in the equatorial Pacific Ocean with low concentrations of dissolved iron triggered a massive phytoplankton bloom which consumed large quantities of carbon dioxide and nitrate that these microscopic plants cannot fully utilize under natural conditions. These and other observations provide unequivocal support for the hypothesis that phytoplankton growth in this oceanic region is limited by iron bioavailability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalNature
Volume383
Issue number6600
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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