In cord blood and late gestation maternal serum, IGF-I is positively correlated with birth weight, whereas IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) is inversely correlated with birth weight. Our goal was to determine whether maternal serum or amniotic fluid concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, or nonphosphorylated IGFBP-1 (npIGFBP-1) in early gestation predict later fetal growth abnormalities. Maternal serum was collected prospectively across gestation (5-40 wk) from 749 pregnant subjects. Amniotic fluid was collected after amniocentesis during wk 15-26 from 207 subjects. We compared median serum concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and npIGFBP-1 in 38 subjects who delivered growth-restricted infants with the control group of 236 subjects with normal weight infants for each gestational age grouping, wk 5-12, 13-23, and 24-34. In the control group median IGF-I concentrations were 14.8, 11, and 15.6 nmol/liter for wk 5-12, 13-23, and 24-34, respectively, compared with 13.7, 14.3, and 10.6 nmol/liter in the intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) group. Median IGFBP-1 concentrations were 8.5, 30.4, and 24.4 nmol/liter, respectively, in controls, compared with 11.4, 28.6, and 25.5 nmol/liter in the IUGR group. Median npIGFBP-1 concentrations were 6.9, 22, and 17.4 nmol/liter, respectively, in controls, compared with 5.0, 32.1, and 24.2 nmol/liter in the IUGR group. In the control group the median amniotic fluid IGFBP-1 level was 13,160 nmol/liter, and the median npIGFBP-1 level was 15,970 nmol/liter; in the IUGR group these levels were 13,440 and 18,440 nmol/liter, respectively. No clinically useful differences were found between the IUGR and control groups. Our results do not support the use of maternal serum IGF-I or IGFBP-1 or amniotic fluid IGFBP-1 or npIGFBP-1 early in gestation to predict later fetal growth restriction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical