A simple long-blade modification of the Cloward's anterior cervical retractor system has been developed for transoral surgery. A patient with severe basilar invagination is described, in whom the retractor system greatly facilitated access to the atlas and odontoid.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas