A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio

Xing He, Alexander I. Iliev, Michael S Scordilis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel audio watermarking technique is introduced, which is based on the processing of the difference phase spectrum of stereo audio. Psychoacoustical principles of binaural hearing are employed to compute a frequency-dependent threshold of the interaural phase difference, which is used to determine locations suitable for watermark insertion. Spread spectrum is used to mark watermark locations and to provide channel synchronization. Listening tests have indicated that the using this method to insert watermarks in stereo audio results in a signal that indistinguishable from the original audio. This technique is computationally efficient and it provides payload of up to 20 kb/s making it suitable for audio information enhancement. Its fragility necessitates a friendly environment, such as in authentication applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume5
StatePublished - 2004
EventProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing - Montreal, Que, Canada
Duration: May 17 2004May 21 2004

Other

OtherProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, Que
Period5/17/045/21/04

Fingerprint

Watermarking
binaural hearing
Audio watermarking
Audition
inserts
payloads
Authentication
insertion
synchronism
Synchronization
thresholds
augmentation
Processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

He, X., Iliev, A. I., & Scordilis, M. S. (2004). A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio. In ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings (Vol. 5)

A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio. / He, Xing; Iliev, Alexander I.; Scordilis, Michael S.

ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings. Vol. 5 2004.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

He, X, Iliev, AI & Scordilis, MS 2004, A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio. in ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings. vol. 5, Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Montreal, Que, Canada, 5/17/04.
He X, Iliev AI, Scordilis MS. A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio. In ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings. Vol. 5. 2004
He, Xing ; Iliev, Alexander I. ; Scordilis, Michael S. / A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio. ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings. Vol. 5 2004.
@inproceedings{7ee9db413cda4c07aadbf1d4a3af6af2,
title = "A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio",
abstract = "A novel audio watermarking technique is introduced, which is based on the processing of the difference phase spectrum of stereo audio. Psychoacoustical principles of binaural hearing are employed to compute a frequency-dependent threshold of the interaural phase difference, which is used to determine locations suitable for watermark insertion. Spread spectrum is used to mark watermark locations and to provide channel synchronization. Listening tests have indicated that the using this method to insert watermarks in stereo audio results in a signal that indistinguishable from the original audio. This technique is computationally efficient and it provides payload of up to 20 kb/s making it suitable for audio information enhancement. Its fragility necessitates a friendly environment, such as in authentication applications.",
author = "Xing He and Iliev, {Alexander I.} and Scordilis, {Michael S}",
year = "2004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
booktitle = "ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - A high capacity watermarking technique for stereo audio

AU - He, Xing

AU - Iliev, Alexander I.

AU - Scordilis, Michael S

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - A novel audio watermarking technique is introduced, which is based on the processing of the difference phase spectrum of stereo audio. Psychoacoustical principles of binaural hearing are employed to compute a frequency-dependent threshold of the interaural phase difference, which is used to determine locations suitable for watermark insertion. Spread spectrum is used to mark watermark locations and to provide channel synchronization. Listening tests have indicated that the using this method to insert watermarks in stereo audio results in a signal that indistinguishable from the original audio. This technique is computationally efficient and it provides payload of up to 20 kb/s making it suitable for audio information enhancement. Its fragility necessitates a friendly environment, such as in authentication applications.

AB - A novel audio watermarking technique is introduced, which is based on the processing of the difference phase spectrum of stereo audio. Psychoacoustical principles of binaural hearing are employed to compute a frequency-dependent threshold of the interaural phase difference, which is used to determine locations suitable for watermark insertion. Spread spectrum is used to mark watermark locations and to provide channel synchronization. Listening tests have indicated that the using this method to insert watermarks in stereo audio results in a signal that indistinguishable from the original audio. This technique is computationally efficient and it provides payload of up to 20 kb/s making it suitable for audio information enhancement. Its fragility necessitates a friendly environment, such as in authentication applications.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4544373171&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4544373171&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 5

BT - ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings

ER -