A health-literacy intervention for early childhood obesity prevention: A cluster-randomized controlled trial

Lee M. Sanders, Eliana M. Perrin, H. Shonna Yin, Alan M. Delamater, Kori B. Flower, Aihua Bian, Jonathan S. Schildcrout, Russell L. Rothman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children who become overweight by age 2 have greater risk of long- term obesity and health problems. The study aim was to assess the effectiveness of a primary care-based intervention on the prevalence of overweight at age 24 months. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized trial, sites were randomly assigned to the Greenlight intervention or an attention-control arm. Across 4 pediatric residency clinics, we enrolled infant-caregiver dyads at the 2-month well-child visit. Inclusion criteria included parent English- or Spanish-speaking and birth weight ≥1500 g. Designed with health-literacy principles, the intervention included a parent toolkit at each well-child visit, augmented by provider training in clear-health communication. The primary outcome was proportion of children overweight (BMI ≥85th percentile) at age 24 months. Secondary outcomes included weight status (BMI z score). RESULTS: A total of 459 intervention and 406 control dyads were enrolled. In total, 49% of all children were overweight at 24 months. Adjusted odds for overweight at 24 months (treatment versus control) was 1.02 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.63 to 1.64). Adjusted mean BMI z score differences (treatment minus control) were -0.04 (95% CI: -0.07 to -0.01), -0.09 (95% CI: -0.14 to -0.03), -0.19 (-0.33 to -0.05), -0.20 (-0.36 to -0.03), -0.16 (95% CI: -0.34 to 0.01), and 0.00 (95% CI -0.21 to 0.21) at 4, 6, 12, 15, 18, and 24 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention resulted in less weight gain through age 18 months, which was not sustained through 24 months. Clinic-based interventions may be beneficial for early weight gain, but greater intervention intensity may be needed to maintain positive effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2020049866
JournalPediatrics
Volume147
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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