A gene for waardenburg syndrome type 2 maps close to the human homologue of the microphthalmia gene at chromosome 3p12–p14.1

Anne E. Hughes, Valerie E. Newton, Xue Z. Liu, Andrew P. Read

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

153 Scopus citations

Abstract

Waardenburg syndrome (WS), an autosomal dominant syndrome of hearing loss and pigmentary disturbances, comprises at least two separate conditions. WS type 1 is normally caused by mutations in PAX3 located at chromosome 2q35 and is distinguished clinically by minor facial malformations. We have now located a gene for WS type 2. Two families show linkage to a group of microsatellite markers located on chromosome 3p12-p14.1. D3S1261 gave a maximum lod score of 6.5 at zero recombination in one large Type 2 family. In a second, smaller family the adjacent marker D3S1210 gave a lod of 2.05 at zero recombination. Interestingly, the human homologue (MITF) of the mouse microphthalmia gene, a good candidate at the phenotypic level, has recently been mapped to 3p12.3-p14.4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-512
Number of pages4
JournalNature genetics
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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