A functionally significant SNP in TP53 and breast cancer risk in African-American women

Maureen E. Murphy, Song Liu, Song Yao, Dezheng Huo, Qin Liu, Sonia C. Dolfi, Kim M. Hirshfield, Chi Chen Hong, Qiang Hu, Andrew F. Olshan, Temidayo O. Ogundiran, Clement Adebamowo, Susan M. Domchek, Katherine L. Nathanson, Barbara Nemesure, Stefan Ambs, William J. Blot, Ye Feng, Esther M. John, Leslie BernsteinWei Zheng, Jennifer J. Hu, Regina G. Ziegler, Sarah Nyante, Sue A. Ingles, Michael F. Press, Sandra L. Deming, Jorge L. Rodriguez-Gil, Christopher A. Haiman, Olufunmilayo I. Olopade, Kathryn L. Lunetta, Julie R. Palmer, Christine B. Ambrosone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

A coding region polymorphism exists in the TP53 gene (Pro47Ser; rs1800371) in individuals of African descent, which reduces p53 tumor suppressor function in a mouse model. It has been unclear whether this functionally significant polymorphism alters cancer risk in humans. This analysis included 6907 women with breast cancer and 7644 controls from the AMBER, ROOT, and AABC consortia. We used multivariable logistic regression to estimate associations between the TP53 Pro47Ser allele and overall breast cancer risk. Because polymorphisms in TP53 tend to be associated with cancer risk in pre-menopausal women, we also limited our analyses to this population in the AMBER and ROOT consortia, where menopausal status was known, and conducted a fixed effects meta-analysis. In an analysis of all women in the AMBER, ROOT, and AABC consortia, we found no evidence for association of the Pro47Ser variant with breast cancer risk. However, when we restricted our analysis to only pre-menopausal women from the AMBER and ROOT consortia, there was a per allele odds ratio of 1.72 (95% confidence interval 1.08-2.76; p-value = 0.023). Although the Pro47Ser variant was not associated with overall breast cancer risk, it may increase risk among pre-menopausal women of African ancestry. Following up on more studies in human populations may better elucidate the role of this variant in breast cancer etiology. However, because of the low frequency of the polymorphism in women of African ancestry, its impact at a population level may be minimal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0007
Journalnpj Breast Cancer
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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