A cross-species approach to disorders affecting brain and behaviour

Orrin Devinsky, Jordyn M. Boesch, Sofia Cerda-Gonzalez, Barbara Coffey, Kathryn Davis, Daniel Friedman, Brian Hainline, Katherine Houpt, Daniel Lieberman, Pamela Perry, Harald Prüss, Martin A. Samuels, Gary W. Small, Holger Volk, Artur Summerfield, Charles Vite, Thomas Wisniewski, Barbara Natterson-Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Structural and functional elements of biological systems are highly conserved across vertebrates. Many neurological and psychiatric conditions affect both humans and animals. A cross-species approach to the study of brain and behaviour can advance our understanding of human disorders via the identification of unrecognized natural models of spontaneous disorders, thus revealing novel factors that increase vulnerability or resilience, and via the assessment of potential therapies. Moreover, diagnostic and therapeutic advances in human neurology and psychiatry can often be adapted for veterinary patients. However, clinical and research collaborations between physicians and veterinarians remain limited, leaving this wealth of comparative information largely untapped. Here, we review pain, cognitive decline syndromes, epilepsy, anxiety and compulsions, autoimmune and infectious encephalitides and mismatch disorders across a range of animal species, looking for novel insights with translational potential. This comparative perspective can help generate novel hypotheses, expand and improve clinical trials and identify natural animal models of disease resistance and vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-686
Number of pages10
JournalNature Reviews Neurology
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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