A cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking

Eric M. Hecht, Kristopher Arheart, David J Lee, Charles H. Hennekens, WayWay Hlaing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cadmium contamination of tobacco may contribute to the health hazards of cigarette smoking. The 2005–2012 United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data provided a unique opportunity to conduct a cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking. Among a sample of 6761 participants, we evaluated mean differences and correlations between cadmium biomarkers in the blood and urine and characteristics of never, former and current smokers. We found statistically significant differences in mean cadmium biomarker levels between never and former smokers as well as between never and current smokers. In current smokers, duration in years had a higher correlation coefficient with urinary than blood cadmium levels. In contrast, number of cigarettes smoked per day had a higher correlation coefficient with blood than urinary cadmium levels. These data suggest that blood and urine cadmium biomarker levels differ by duration and dose. These findings should be considered in evaluating any association between cadmium and smoking related diseases, especially cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalBiomarkers
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 10 2016

Fingerprint

Biomarkers
Cadmium
Tobacco Products
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Blood
Urine
Health hazards
Tobacco
Nutrition Surveys
Nutrition
Contamination
Cardiovascular Diseases
Health
Association reactions

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • cadmium
  • cigarette smoking
  • National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

A cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking. / Hecht, Eric M.; Arheart, Kristopher; Lee, David J; Hennekens, Charles H.; Hlaing, WayWay.

In: Biomarkers, 10.03.2016, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hecht, Eric M. ; Arheart, Kristopher ; Lee, David J ; Hennekens, Charles H. ; Hlaing, WayWay. / A cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking. In: Biomarkers. 2016 ; pp. 1-7.
@article{55758fa6a40c4f9daef350290d3ef16e,
title = "A cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking",
abstract = "Cadmium contamination of tobacco may contribute to the health hazards of cigarette smoking. The 2005–2012 United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data provided a unique opportunity to conduct a cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking. Among a sample of 6761 participants, we evaluated mean differences and correlations between cadmium biomarkers in the blood and urine and characteristics of never, former and current smokers. We found statistically significant differences in mean cadmium biomarker levels between never and former smokers as well as between never and current smokers. In current smokers, duration in years had a higher correlation coefficient with urinary than blood cadmium levels. In contrast, number of cigarettes smoked per day had a higher correlation coefficient with blood than urinary cadmium levels. These data suggest that blood and urine cadmium biomarker levels differ by duration and dose. These findings should be considered in evaluating any association between cadmium and smoking related diseases, especially cardiovascular disease.",
keywords = "Biomarker, cadmium, cigarette smoking, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey",
author = "Hecht, {Eric M.} and Kristopher Arheart and Lee, {David J} and Hennekens, {Charles H.} and WayWay Hlaing",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "10",
doi = "10.3109/1354750X.2016.1153717",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "Biomarkers",
issn = "1354-750X",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking

AU - Hecht, Eric M.

AU - Arheart, Kristopher

AU - Lee, David J

AU - Hennekens, Charles H.

AU - Hlaing, WayWay

PY - 2016/3/10

Y1 - 2016/3/10

N2 - Cadmium contamination of tobacco may contribute to the health hazards of cigarette smoking. The 2005–2012 United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data provided a unique opportunity to conduct a cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking. Among a sample of 6761 participants, we evaluated mean differences and correlations between cadmium biomarkers in the blood and urine and characteristics of never, former and current smokers. We found statistically significant differences in mean cadmium biomarker levels between never and former smokers as well as between never and current smokers. In current smokers, duration in years had a higher correlation coefficient with urinary than blood cadmium levels. In contrast, number of cigarettes smoked per day had a higher correlation coefficient with blood than urinary cadmium levels. These data suggest that blood and urine cadmium biomarker levels differ by duration and dose. These findings should be considered in evaluating any association between cadmium and smoking related diseases, especially cardiovascular disease.

AB - Cadmium contamination of tobacco may contribute to the health hazards of cigarette smoking. The 2005–2012 United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data provided a unique opportunity to conduct a cross-sectional survey of cadmium biomarkers and cigarette smoking. Among a sample of 6761 participants, we evaluated mean differences and correlations between cadmium biomarkers in the blood and urine and characteristics of never, former and current smokers. We found statistically significant differences in mean cadmium biomarker levels between never and former smokers as well as between never and current smokers. In current smokers, duration in years had a higher correlation coefficient with urinary than blood cadmium levels. In contrast, number of cigarettes smoked per day had a higher correlation coefficient with blood than urinary cadmium levels. These data suggest that blood and urine cadmium biomarker levels differ by duration and dose. These findings should be considered in evaluating any association between cadmium and smoking related diseases, especially cardiovascular disease.

KW - Biomarker

KW - cadmium

KW - cigarette smoking

KW - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84961198089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84961198089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/1354750X.2016.1153717

DO - 10.3109/1354750X.2016.1153717

M3 - Article

C2 - 26983064

AN - SCOPUS:84961198089

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Biomarkers

JF - Biomarkers

SN - 1354-750X

ER -