A Cross-national comparison of risk and protective factors for adolescent drug use and delinquency in the United States and the Netherlands

Sabrina Oesterle, J. David Hawkins, Majone Steketee, Harrie Jonkman, Eric C. Brown, Marit Moll, Kevin P. Haggerty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study compared the associations between risk and protective factors (RPFs) and adolescent drug use and delinquency in the Netherlands and the United States. Data were collected from students between the ages of 12 and 17 using the same school-administered survey instrument in both countries. Levels of exposure to RPFs were generally similar in both countries. The same RPFs shown to be associated with U.S. adolescents' drug use and delinquency were related significantly to Dutch youth's drug use and delinquency. One important exception was that Dutch students perceived their parents' attitudes to be more favorable toward alcohol use; these attitudes were also more predictive of adolescents' regular drinking in the Netherlands compared with the United States. The findings indicate that the RPFs measured in this study can be important targets for prevention of health-compromising behaviors among young people in the Netherlands and the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-357
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Adolescent drug use
  • Cross-national comparison
  • Delinquency
  • Prevention
  • Risk and protective factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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