A cross-cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals

Andrew J. Elliot, Valary I. Chirkov, Youngmee Kim, Kennon M. Sheldon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

241 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results from this research supported our primary hypothesis that the adoption of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals varies as a function of individualism-collectivism (across representations of this distinction). Interdependent self-construals were positively related and independent self-construals were negatively related to adoption of avoidance goals (Study 1), Asian Americans adopted more avoidance goals than non-Asian Americans (Study 2), and persons from South Korea and Russia adopted more avoidance goals than those in the United States (Studies 3 and 4, respectively). Studies 3 and 4 investigated and found support for our secondary hypothesis that avoidance personal goals are a negative predictor of subjective well-being in individualistic (the United States), but not collectivistic (South Korea and Russia), countries. The findings are discussed in terms of other approach-avoidance constructs and motivational processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-510
Number of pages6
JournalPsychological Science
Volume12
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Republic of Korea
Russia
Asian Americans
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Elliot, A. J., Chirkov, V. I., Kim, Y., & Sheldon, K. M. (2001). A cross-cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals. Psychological Science, 12(6), 505-510.

A cross-cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals. / Elliot, Andrew J.; Chirkov, Valary I.; Kim, Youngmee; Sheldon, Kennon M.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 12, No. 6, 01.11.2001, p. 505-510.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elliot, AJ, Chirkov, VI, Kim, Y & Sheldon, KM 2001, 'A cross-cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals', Psychological Science, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 505-510.
Elliot, Andrew J. ; Chirkov, Valary I. ; Kim, Youngmee ; Sheldon, Kennon M. / A cross-cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals. In: Psychological Science. 2001 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 505-510.
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