A critical review of approaches to human reliability analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper provides a critical analysis of four major approaches to human reliability assessment: THERP, the use of qualitative models of human performance, simulation methods, and methods based on classical reliability theory. Methodologically and conceptually, these approaches are more representative of a multidimensional than unified perspective to the problem of human reliability analysis and are considered to encompass many of the other methods that have been proposed. Recent developments in each of these areas and the growing concern for the consequences of human error in highly complex systems requires that these approaches be sufficiently understood in order to identify both their strengths and their shortcomings. Although no single approach is advocated, this review intends to provide insights that could suggest improvements to these methods as well as aid the analyst in selecting the approach most optimal for the situation in question. In addition, critical research needs are identified and summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-130
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reliability theory
Reliability analysis
Large scale systems
human error
simulation
Research
performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

A critical review of approaches to human reliability analysis. / Sharit, Joseph.

In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 2, No. 2, 01.01.1988, p. 111-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6aae5dbc37c847978a4a0092e7a2fdef,
title = "A critical review of approaches to human reliability analysis",
abstract = "This paper provides a critical analysis of four major approaches to human reliability assessment: THERP, the use of qualitative models of human performance, simulation methods, and methods based on classical reliability theory. Methodologically and conceptually, these approaches are more representative of a multidimensional than unified perspective to the problem of human reliability analysis and are considered to encompass many of the other methods that have been proposed. Recent developments in each of these areas and the growing concern for the consequences of human error in highly complex systems requires that these approaches be sufficiently understood in order to identify both their strengths and their shortcomings. Although no single approach is advocated, this review intends to provide insights that could suggest improvements to these methods as well as aid the analyst in selecting the approach most optimal for the situation in question. In addition, critical research needs are identified and summarized.",
author = "Joseph Sharit",
year = "1988",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0169-8141(88)90043-1",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "111--130",
journal = "International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics",
issn = "0169-8141",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A critical review of approaches to human reliability analysis

AU - Sharit, Joseph

PY - 1988/1/1

Y1 - 1988/1/1

N2 - This paper provides a critical analysis of four major approaches to human reliability assessment: THERP, the use of qualitative models of human performance, simulation methods, and methods based on classical reliability theory. Methodologically and conceptually, these approaches are more representative of a multidimensional than unified perspective to the problem of human reliability analysis and are considered to encompass many of the other methods that have been proposed. Recent developments in each of these areas and the growing concern for the consequences of human error in highly complex systems requires that these approaches be sufficiently understood in order to identify both their strengths and their shortcomings. Although no single approach is advocated, this review intends to provide insights that could suggest improvements to these methods as well as aid the analyst in selecting the approach most optimal for the situation in question. In addition, critical research needs are identified and summarized.

AB - This paper provides a critical analysis of four major approaches to human reliability assessment: THERP, the use of qualitative models of human performance, simulation methods, and methods based on classical reliability theory. Methodologically and conceptually, these approaches are more representative of a multidimensional than unified perspective to the problem of human reliability analysis and are considered to encompass many of the other methods that have been proposed. Recent developments in each of these areas and the growing concern for the consequences of human error in highly complex systems requires that these approaches be sufficiently understood in order to identify both their strengths and their shortcomings. Although no single approach is advocated, this review intends to provide insights that could suggest improvements to these methods as well as aid the analyst in selecting the approach most optimal for the situation in question. In addition, critical research needs are identified and summarized.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=45549113974&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=45549113974&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0169-8141(88)90043-1

DO - 10.1016/0169-8141(88)90043-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:45549113974

VL - 2

SP - 111

EP - 130

JO - International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics

JF - International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics

SN - 0169-8141

IS - 2

ER -