A control-process perspective on anxiety

Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A view of certain consequences of anxiety is presented in which anxiety causes an interruption in ongoing self-regulation. leading to an assessment of outcome or coping expectancy. In this theory, people with favorable expectancies return to the interrupted activity. whereas people with unfavorable expectancies experience an impulse to disengage from further elTorts. Our view ditTers from other attentionaltheories of anxiety in the following way: we argue. with the support of research evidence. that/Will the renewed effort and the disengagement (and its conseljuent performance impairment) are exaggerated by subsequent selffocused attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRoutledge Library Editions
Subtitle of host publicationAnxiety
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781317374688
ISBN (Print)9781138924888
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Anxiety
  • Attention
  • Confidence
  • Doubt
  • Self-rocus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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