A computational future for preventing HIV in minority communities

How advanced technology can improve implementation of effective programs

C. Hendricks Brown, David C. Mohr, Carlos G. Gallo, Christopher Mader, Lawrence Palinkas, Gina Wingood, Guillermo J Prado, Sheppard G. Kellam, Hilda Pantin, Jeanne Poduska, Robert Gibbons, John McManus, Mitsunori Ogihara, Thomas Valente, Fred Wulczyn, Sara J Czaja, Geoffrey Sutcliffe, Juan Villamar, Christopher Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

African Americans and Hispanics in the United States have much higher rates of HIV than non-minorities. There is now strong evidence that a range of behavioral interventions are efficacious in reducing sexual risk behavior in these populations. Although a handful of these programs are just beginning to be disseminated widely, we still have not implemented effective programs to a level that would reduce the population incidence of HIV for minorities. We proposed that innovative approaches involving computational technologies be explored for their use in both developing new interventions and in supporting wide-scale implementation of effective behavioral interventions. Mobile technologies have a place in both of these activities. First, mobile technologies can be used in sensing contexts and interacting to the unique preferences and needs of individuals at times where intervention to reduce risk would be most impactful. Second, mobile technologies can be used to improve the delivery of interventions by facilitators and their agencies. Systems science methods including social network analysis, agent-based models, computational linguistics, intelligent data analysis, and systems and software engineering all have strategic roles that can bring about advances in HIV prevention in minority communities. Using an existing mobile technology for depression and 3 effective HIV prevention programs, we illustrated how 8 areas in the intervention/implementation process can use innovative computational approaches to advance intervention adoption, fidelity, and sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume63
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Fingerprint

HIV
Technology
Linguistics
Risk-Taking
Hispanic Americans
Information Systems
Sexual Behavior
Social Support
African Americans
Population
Software
Depression
Incidence

Keywords

  • Behavioral intervention technology
  • Computational linguistics
  • Implementation science
  • Machine learning
  • Scientific equity
  • Systems science
  • Timecast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

A computational future for preventing HIV in minority communities : How advanced technology can improve implementation of effective programs. / Brown, C. Hendricks; Mohr, David C.; Gallo, Carlos G.; Mader, Christopher; Palinkas, Lawrence; Wingood, Gina; Prado, Guillermo J; Kellam, Sheppard G.; Pantin, Hilda; Poduska, Jeanne; Gibbons, Robert; McManus, John; Ogihara, Mitsunori; Valente, Thomas; Wulczyn, Fred; Czaja, Sara J; Sutcliffe, Geoffrey; Villamar, Juan; Jacobs, Christopher.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 63, No. SUPPL. 1, 01.06.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brown, CH, Mohr, DC, Gallo, CG, Mader, C, Palinkas, L, Wingood, G, Prado, GJ, Kellam, SG, Pantin, H, Poduska, J, Gibbons, R, McManus, J, Ogihara, M, Valente, T, Wulczyn, F, Czaja, SJ, Sutcliffe, G, Villamar, J & Jacobs, C 2013, 'A computational future for preventing HIV in minority communities: How advanced technology can improve implementation of effective programs', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 63, no. SUPPL. 1. https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e31829372bd
Brown, C. Hendricks ; Mohr, David C. ; Gallo, Carlos G. ; Mader, Christopher ; Palinkas, Lawrence ; Wingood, Gina ; Prado, Guillermo J ; Kellam, Sheppard G. ; Pantin, Hilda ; Poduska, Jeanne ; Gibbons, Robert ; McManus, John ; Ogihara, Mitsunori ; Valente, Thomas ; Wulczyn, Fred ; Czaja, Sara J ; Sutcliffe, Geoffrey ; Villamar, Juan ; Jacobs, Christopher. / A computational future for preventing HIV in minority communities : How advanced technology can improve implementation of effective programs. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2013 ; Vol. 63, No. SUPPL. 1.
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