A comparison of two approaches for facilitating identity exploration processes in emerging adults an exploratory study

Seth J. Schwartz, William M. Kurtines, Marilyn J. Montgomery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article, using a controlled design, reports the results of an exploratory study to investigate the impact of two types of intervention strategies (cognitively vs. emotionally focused) on two types of identity processes (self-construction and self-discovery) in a culturally diverse sample of 90 emerging adult university students. A quasiexperimental design was used to evaluate the relative impact of the cognitively focused self-construction and emotionally focused self-discovery strategies. Quantitative and qualitative results indicated that cognitively focused intervention strategies were most efficacious in affecting self-constructive identity processes, whereas emotionally focused intervention strategies were most efficacious in affecting self-discovery identity processes. This pattern of differential effects suggests that programs intended to broadly affect identity development should include both types of intervention strategies and should target both self-constructive and self-discovery processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-345
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Adolescent Research
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

Keywords

  • Emerging adults
  • Ethnicity
  • Identity
  • Intervention
  • Self-construction
  • Self-discovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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