A comparison of overall survival and perioperative outcomes between partial and radical nephrectomy for cT1b and cT2 renal cell carcinoma-Analysis of a national cancer registry

Vivek Venkatramani, Tulay Sengul, Feng Miao, Bruno Nahar, Nachiketh Soodana Prakash, Sanjaya Swain, Sanoj Punnen, Chad Ritch, Mark L Gonzalgo, Dipen J Parekh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Partial nephrectomy (PN) is the standard management of cT1a renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and there is a basis for expanding its indications to larger tumors (cT1b and cT2). We analyzed a large population-based cancer registry to compare the overall survival (OS) and perioperative outcomes in patients with cT1b and cT2 RCC undergoing PN with those undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN). Materials and methods: Patients with cT1bN0M0 and cT2N0M0 RCC were identified from the National Cancer Database (2004-2013). Patients were classified by the surgery performed and 1:1 propensity matched based on the likelihood of receiving PN. They were then compared for OS, 30-day readmission rates and 30- and 90-day mortality. Results: A total of 6,072 patients underwent PN. PN was associated with better OS in cT1b tumors on multivariate analyses (OR = 0.8; 95% CI: 0.72-0.89; P<0.001). For cT2 tumors, PN was associated with better OS, however this was not statistically significant (OR = 0.8; 95% CI: 0.62-1.04; P = 0.092). Unplanned readmission at 30 days was significantly more common in patients undergoing PN (4.2%) vs. RN (2.9%) but there was no difference in 30- and 90-day mortality between the 2 groups. Conclusions: PN was associated with a significantly better OS than RN for cT1b but not cT2 RCC. PN had a higher 30-day readmission rate than RN in these tumors and appropriate patient selection is crucial. These results require further validation, ideally via randomized trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • CT1b and cT2
  • Overall survival
  • Partial nephrectomy
  • Perioperative outcomes
  • Radical nephrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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