A cluster randomized pilot trial of a tailored worksite smoking cessation intervention targeting Hispanic/Latino construction workers: Intervention development and research design

Taghrid Asfar, Alberto J Caban-Martinez, Laura A. McClure, Estefania C. Ruano-Herreria, Danielle Sierra, G. Gilford Clark, Daniel Samano, Noella Dietz, Kenneth D. Ward, Kristopher Arheart, David J Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Construction workers have the highest smoking rate among all occupations (39%). Hispanic/Latino workers constitute a large and increasing group in the US construction industry (over 2.6 million; 23% of all workers). These minority workers have lower cessation rates compared to other groups due to their limited access to cessation services, and lack of smoking cessation interventions adapted to their culture and work/life circumstances. Formative research was conducted to create an intervention targeting Hispanic/Latino construction workers. This paper describes the intervention development and the design, methods, and data analysis plans for an ongoing cluster pilot two-arm randomized controlled trial comparing an Enhanced Care worksite cessation program to Standard Care. Fourteen construction sites will be randomized to either Enhanced Care or Standard Care and 126 participants (63/arm) will be recruited. In both arms, recruitment and intervention delivery occur around “food trucks” that regularly visit the construction sites. Participants at Enhanced Care sites will receive the developed intervention consisting of a single face-to-face group counseling session, 2 phone calls, and a fax referral to Florida tobacco quitline (QL). Participants at Standard Care sites will receive a fax referral to the QL. Both groups will receive eight weeks of nicotine replacement treatment and two follow-up assessments at three and six months. Feasibility outcomes are estimated recruitment yield, barriers to delivering the intervention onsite, and rates of adherence/compliance to the intervention, follow-ups, and QL enrollment. Efficacy outcomes are point-prevalence and prolonged abstinence rates at six month follow-up confirmed by saliva cotinine <15 ng/ml.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume67
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cluster randomized clinical trial
  • Feasibly
  • Formative research
  • Smoking cessation intervention
  • Tailored
  • Worksite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A cluster randomized pilot trial of a tailored worksite smoking cessation intervention targeting Hispanic/Latino construction workers: Intervention development and research design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this