Transcription factor CTF, which is responsible for selective recognition of eukaryotic promoters that contain the sequence CCAAT, was purified to apparent homogeneity by sequence-specific DNA affinity chro-matography. Binding sites for CTF in the human Haras and α-globin promoters were highly homologous to sequences recognized by nuclear factor I (NF-I), a cellular DNA-binding protein that is required for the initiation of adenovirus DNA replication in vitro. To determine the relationship between CTF and NF-I, we compared the biochemical properties of these two proteins. CTF and NF-I were found to be indistinguishable in polypeptide composition, DNA-binding properties, immunological cross-reactivity, and in vitro stimulation of DNA replication and transcription initiation. We conclude that CTF/NF-I can serve both as a transcription selectivity factor for RNA polymerase II and as an initiation factor for adenovirus DNA replication.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)