A case of vasculitis, retinitis and macular neurosensory detachment presenting post typhoid fever

Nidhi Relhan, Avinash Pathengay, Thomas Albini, Krishna Priya, Subhadra Jalali, Harry W. Flynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Ocular and extraocular immune-mediated phenomena are known to occur following febrile illness. Vasculitis, retinitis and neurosensory detachment are not well-recognized sequelae of typhoid fever.

Findings We report a case of vasculitis, retinitis and macular neurosensory detachment presenting post typhoid fever. A 27-year-old female presented with decreased vision in right eye with history of typhoid fever (treated adequately 6 weeks prior). Her best corrected visual acuity in right eye was 20/125, N36. Fundus showed a patch of vasculitis and retinitis superior to the disc associated with macular neurosensory detachment and disc pallor. With oral steroids, the inflammation resolved and visual acuity improved to 20/20 at 6 weeks.

Conclusions Immune-mediated vasculitis and retinitis following typhoid fever may respond well to systemic steroids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number23
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Immune-mediated retinitis
  • Neuroretinitis
  • Post fever retinitis
  • Post typhoid retinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

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