A Call-Admission Control (CAC) Algorithm for Providing Guaranteed QoS in Cellular Networks

Satya Kovvuri, Vijoy Pandey, Dipak Ghosal, Biswanath Mukherjee, Dilip Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Future broadband wireless access systems are expected to integrate various classes of mobile terminals (MTs), each class with a different type of quality of service (QoS) requirement. When the load on a wireless network is high, the guarantee of QoS for each class of MTs is a challenging task. This study considers two classes of MTs - profiled MTs and nonprofiled or regular MTs. It is assumed that profiled users require a guaranteed QoS. The measure of QoS is the probability of forced termination of a call that was allowed to access the network. Two previous handoff prioritization schemes - (i) prerequest scheme and (ii) guard channel scheme - decrease handoff failure (and hence forced termination). In this work, we compare and contrast both the schemes through extensive simulation and we find that neither guard channel nor channel prerequest scheme can guarantee a desired level of QoS for the profiled MTs. We then propose a novel call-admission control (CAC) algorithm that can maintain any desired level of QoS, while the successful call completion rate is very high. In the proposed algorithm, the new call arrival rate is estimated continuously, and when the estimated arrival rate is higher than a predetermined level, some new calls are blocked irrespective of the availability of channels. The objective of this new call preblocking is to maintain a cell's observed new call arrival rate at no more than the predetermined rate. We show that the proposed method can guarantee any desired level of QoS for profiled users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-85
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Wireless Information Networks
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003


  • Call admission control
  • Call arrival rate
  • Call blocking
  • Call holding time
  • Call preblocking
  • Cell dwell time
  • Forced termination
  • Quality of service

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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