A bibliography of cost-effectiveness practices in physical medicine and rehabilitation: AAPM&R white paper

Diana D. Cardenas, Jodie K. Haselkorn, Jacinta M. McElligott, Steven M. Gnatz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Cost-effectiveness studies attempt to determine the ratio of costs to outcomes of a particular intervention or treatment and to compare a standard intervention with an alternative intervention to determine if the alternative is more cost-effective. The goal is to establish priorities for the resources allocation and to decide among alternative interventions for the same medical condition. The global process of rehabilitation does not usually lend itself to cost-effective analysis (due to the complex set of treatments provided) but rather to specific interventions and specific aspects of outcome. The American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation has published a cost-effectiveness annotated bibliography on the Internet (http://www.aapmr.org/memphys/cebfinala.htm) that identifies 132 studies in the literature that meet specified criteria and are related to the field of rehabilitation. This White Paper attempts to interpret and synthesize the studies in that bibliography that relate to stroke, spinal cord injury (SCI), orthopedic conditions, pain syndromes, amputations, and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Most studies support the cost-effectiveness of care for stroke and SCI in dedicated units or centers rather than in a general medical unit. Studies also support back programs and revascularization procedures in limb ischemia. Studies in TBI underscore the significant financial resources for the care of these patients as well as the potential benefit from rehabilitation services even in the most severely injured. Further high quality research in this area is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-719
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


  • Brain injuries
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Cost-effective
  • Rehabilitation
  • Spinal cord injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation


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