Few therapeutic treatment options are available for patients suffering from metastatic androgen-independent prostate cancer. We investigated the ability of the estrogen metabolite 2-methoxyestradiol to inhibit the proliferation of a variety of human prostate cancer cell lines in vitro and to inhibit the growth of androgen-independent prostate cancer in a transgenic mouse model in vivo. Our results showed that 2-methoxyestradiol is a powerful growth inhibitor of LNCaP, DU 145, PC-3, and ALVA-31 prostate cancer cells. Cell flow cytometry of 2-methoxyestradiol-treated DU 145 cells showed a marked accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and an increase in the sub-G1 fraction (apoptotic). In addition, staining for annexin V, changes in nuclear morphology, and inhibition of caspase activity support a role for apoptosis. More importantly, we showed that 2-methoxyestradiol inhibits prostate tumor progression in the Gγ/T-15 transgenic mouse model of androgen-independent prostate cancer without toxic side effects. These results in cell culture and an animal model support investigations into the clinical use of 2-methoxyestradiol in patients with androgen-independent prostate cancer.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Oct 10 2001|
- Flow cytometry
- Transgenic mice
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology