γδT cells but not αβT cells contribute to sepsis-induced white matter injury and motor abnormalities in mice

Xiaoli Zhang, Eridan Rocha-Ferreira, Tao Li, Regina Vontell, Darakhshan Jabin, Sha Hua, Kai Zhou, Arshed Nazmi, Anna Maj Albertsson, Kristina Sobotka, Joakim Ek, Claire Thornton, Henrik Hagberg, Carina Mallard, Jianmei W. Leavenworth, Changlian Zhu, Xiaoyang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Infection and sepsis are associated with brain white matter injury in preterm infants and the subsequent development of cerebral palsy. Methods: In the present study, we used a neonatal mouse sepsis-induced white matter injury model to determine the contribution of different T cell subsets (αβT cells and γδT cells) to white matter injury and consequent behavioral changes. C57BL/6J wild-type (WT), T cell receptor (TCR) δ-deficient (Tcrd -/-, lacking γδT cells), and TCRα-deficient (Tcra -/-, lacking αβT cells) mice were administered with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at postnatal day (PND) 2. Brain myelination was examined at PNDs 12, 26, and 60. Motor function and anxiety-like behavior were evaluated at PND 26 or 30 using DigiGait analysis and an elevated plus maze. Results: White matter development was normal in Tcrd -/- and Tcrα -/- compared to WT mice. LPS exposure induced reductions in white matter tissue volume in WT and Tcrα -/- mice, but not in the Tcrd -/- mice, compared with the saline-treated groups. Neither LPS administration nor the T cell deficiency affected anxiety behavior in these mice as determined with the elevated plus maze. DigiGait analysis revealed motor function deficiency after LPS-induced sepsis in both WT and Tcrα -/- mice, but no such effect was observed in Tcrd -/- mice. Conclusions: Our results suggest that γδT cells but not αβT cells contribute to sepsis-induced white matter injury and subsequent motor function abnormalities in early life. Modulating the activity of γδT cells in the early stages of preterm white matter injury might represent a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of perinatal brain injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number255
JournalJournal of Neuroinflammation
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Behavior tests
  • Preterm
  • Sepsis
  • T lymphocytes
  • White matter injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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