WORKPLACE ALCOHOL PROGRAMS FOR WOMEN AND MINORITIES

Project: Research project

Description

Employee assistance programs (EAPs) have gained increasing popularity in
all types of employment settings recently, but few studies have estimated
the costs and effectiveness of these programs or the individual services
they deliver. In general, evaluation studies of health services are
extremely important in today's economy given the rising costs of health
care, the extra demands on the health care market caused by substance
abuse and HIV/AIDS, and the public pressure to reform the national health
care system. EAPs have the potential to significantly influence the use of
health care resources through their ability to prevent and treat alcohol
misuse among employees and their dependents. Given the shortage of
evaluation studies and the important role of EAPs in the health care
market, the proposed study will design and evaluate a specialized
workplace alcohol program (SWAP) targeted to women and ethnic minority
workers at three large worksites in a midwestern community. The SWAP
protocol will include new and enhanced outreach materials designed
especially for woman and ethnic minorities, the addition of two new EAP
counselors who specialize in issues that are particularly pertinent for
women and minorities, revised supervisor, employee, and counselor
training, and several other service components. We will integrate the SWAP
protocol into the existing EAP at each worksite to ensure that all
employees have access to at least the standard level of services and to
facilitate continuation of the protocol at the end of the evaluation study
if we find it to be effective. The primary objectives of the proposed
study are to: (l) develop and implement a SWAP protocol at three
worksites; (2) estimate the effectiveness of the SWAP protocol in terms of
EAP utilization, absenteeism, turnover, job performance ratings, health
care expenditures, days of heavy drinking, and alcohol-related problems;
and (3) estimate the cost and cost-effectiveness of the SWAP protocol. The
proposed study has a high degree of significance because EAPs have rarely
been evaluated, the target populations are understudied in alcohol
research, and EAP utilization for alcohol-related problems is extremely
low at the participating worksites. Our findings will provide a richer
understanding of the costs and benefits of standard and enhanced EAP
services. The results will also help employers, policy makers, and EAP
practitioners to design more efficient and effective workplace alcohol
programs.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/23/945/31/00

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $381,301.00

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Workplace
Alcohols
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Health Care Sector
Delivery of Health Care
Absenteeism
Aptitude
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health Expenditures
Administrative Personnel
Alcohol Drinking
Health Care Costs
Health Services
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Pressure
Costs and Cost Analysis
Occupational Health Services
Health
Health Resources