Project: Research project

Project Details


DESCRIPTION (Applicant's Abstract): The antibody-mediated humoral immune
response has been shown to be depressed in aged humans and experimental I
animals creating increased morbidity and mortality in the aged population. The
pre-B-cell receptor (pBCR), composed of the surrogate light chain (SLC,
lambda.5 and VpreB) and the immunoglobulin (Ig) mu (mu) heavy (H) chain is
critical for formation of pre-B-cells and for variable region gene (VH)
selection. These studies will focus on the molecular mechanisms responsible for
the decline in pre-B-cells, SLC and transcription factors seen in aged mice. We
hypothesize that the decrease in pre-B-cells is a direct result of a lower
amount of the SLC produced in the pro-B/early pre-B-cell stages, and that this
is regulated at the transcription level. This proposal will compare
pro-B/pre-B-cells from aged vs. young mice for the presence and function of
transcription factors known to regulate lambda5 and VpreB, accessibility of
lambda5 and VpreB chromatin, whether the defects are intrinsic to B lineage
cells, and attempt to reverse the aged phenotype in transgenic mice.

In Specific Aim I we will determine the regulation of transcription and
transcription factors which affect SLC expression in senescent
pro-B/pre-B-cells. Abelson Murine Leukemia Virus (A-MuLV) transformed
pro-B/pre-B-cell lines will be prepared, and these, IL-7 expanded
pro-B/pre-B-cells and ex vivo isolated (B220+ mu-) bone marrow cells from aged
(>20 months) or young (2-4 months) mice will be used for this project. The mRNA
stability and nascent transcripts of lambda5 and VpreB, the presence and
function of transcription factors known (EBF and E47) and likely
(Ikaros/Aiolos, Id) to be involved in lambda5/VpreB transcription regulation
will be assayed by various methods including RT-PCR, electrophoretic mobility
shift assay (EMSA), and transfection of lambda5/VpreB constructs. We will also
measure the DNase I hypersensitivity and the histone acetylation status of the
lambda5 and VpreB loci as a function of age. In Aim 2 we will assay possible
stromal influences on the transcription regulation of lambda5/VpreB. Young and
aged stromal preparations will be used to assess their influence on the levels
of lambda5/VpreB transcription regulation in pro-B/pre-B-cells in vitro, as
well as in vivo adoptive transfer studies of young and/or old B lineage
precursors into young or old recipients. In Aim 3 we will prepare retroviral
vectors and transgenic mice with lambda5/VpreB to attempt to rescue the aged B
lineage phenotype. The experiments in this proposal will provide a molecular
dissection of the abnormal regulation lambda5/VpreB which we hypothesize
results in decreased pre-B-cells and an altered VH repertoire in aged mice.
Effective start/end date1/15/0112/31/06


  • National Institute on Aging: $303,000.00
  • National Institute on Aging: $300,425.00
  • National Institute on Aging: $50,000.00
  • National Institute on Aging: $303,000.00
  • National Institute on Aging: $303,000.00
  • National Institute on Aging: $303,000.00
  • National Institute on Aging: $75,750.00


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