Perinatal Stress and Gene Influences: Pathways to Infant Vulnerability

  • Newport, Donald J (PI)
  • Cubells, Joseph F. (PI)
  • Ritchie, James Carl (PI)
  • Stowe, Zachary (PI)
  • Owens, Michael Joseph (PI)
  • Goodman, Sherryl H. (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This Center application responds to PAR-04-151: Translational Research Centers in Behavioral Sciences (TRCBS). Based in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences of the Emory University School of Medicine, the center includes 3 cores and 4 projects led by an investigative team (consisting of multi- departmental, multi-institutional, and community practitioners) with a proven track record of productivity and commitment to career development. The highly interactive translational design will "elucidate the role(s) of perinatal events, susceptibility genes, and fetal exposures on the vulnerability of the offspring to later psychopathology." The intrauterine environment can be altered by maternal stress, depression, and anxiety. The constituents of this initial developmental milieu depend on the metabolic capacities, sensitivities, and affinities of the maternal, placental, and fetal compartments. The Center will prospectively follow women at risk for peri-partum depression, biological fathers, and offspring through pregnancy and the first postnatal year - gathering DMA trios, biological indices of maternal stress, and maternal symptoms. Perinatal assessments will include uterine blood flow, fetal activity, and obstetrical outcome. Behavioral/affective, neurobiological, and psychophysiological measures will be gathered on infants at several post-natal time points. The impact of fetal antidepressant exposure will be incorporated into statistical models to determine the potential moderating role of such exposure on the vulnerability of the offspring. The clinical population will be modeled in rats by characterizing maternal behavior, and gathering invasive assessments of neurobiological mechanisms mediating exposure to maternal stress and antidepressants. These rat models will provide unique insights into the behavioral, physiological, and genetic consequences of perinatal stress and antidepressant exposure. The proposed Center will test our broad hypothesis that maternal mental illness during pregnancy constitutes an early environmental exposure that alters vulnerability of offspring to later psychopathology in a genetically vulnerable population. The work will advance our understanding of the influence of genes and early environment on the developmental trajectory of offspring. In addition, the Center will potentially identify gestational windows of enhanced fetal susceptibility. Data that quantifies the impact of maternal depression/anxiety and antidepressant use during pregnancy has direct clinical implications for the care of >400,000 women each year in the United States. Overall Center
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/1/077/31/12

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $1,837,665.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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Anxiety Disorders
Psychiatry
Mothers
Pregnancy Outcome
Fathers
Mood Disorders
Psychometrics
Documentation
Tobacco
Observational Studies
Pregnant Women
Pregnancy
History
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Therapeutics
Antidepressive Agents
Genes
Behavioral Sciences
Depression

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)