Integral activity of the p53 family and its role in progression of colon tumors

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the most commonly diagnosed gastrointestinal cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death in the United States. Approximately half of all colorectal tumors carry mutations in p53 gene. Extensive studies of the p53 tumor suppressor have demonstrated a pivotal role of this molecule in preventing colorectal tumorigenesis. However, comprehensive clinical analysis has found that the prognostic value of p53 mutations, though promising, still does not reach the level of clinical usefulness because current methods of assessing p53 abnormalities are not reliable. In fact, accumulating data suggest that other members of the p53 protein family, p73 and p63, strongly affect the p53 activity but they are not accounted for by mutational analysis. The upregulation of p63 and p73 correlates with poor clinicopathological outcome in a number of human tumors. At same time, these proteins functionally interact with p53 and have profound effects on apoptosis and cell cycle control, as has been demonstrated in our preliminary studies. Taken altogether, these data suggest that interactions inside the p53 family can be involved in development and progression of CRC. We propose to delineate the role of transcriptional activity of the entire p53 protein family in colon tumors. We have developed a novel lentiviral approach, which allows us to measure the functional activity of the entire p53 tumor suppressor pathway in primary human tumor cells. This gives us a unique opportunity for the first time to evaluate the integral role of the p53 family in apoptosis and more precisely assess its role in tumor progression. In addition, using a number of cellular and molecular biology techniques, we will characterize the role of functional interactions between members of the p53 family. This information may provide new avenues for the development of novel prognostic and therapeutic targets.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/18/072/28/10

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $153,500.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $181,118.00

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Colon
Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Apoptosis
Mutation
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
p53 Genes
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cause of Death
Carcinogenesis
Proteins
Up-Regulation