Project: Research project

Project Details


The purpose of this study is to describe the psychological functioning
and adjustment of 144 seropositive, low income, post-partum, African
American women and their families during the first year of life of the
newborn baby. A quasi-experimental design is employed by including a
comparison group of 144 seronegative African American women and their
families. The variables under investigation have been organized into a
predictor/moderator/outcome model that serves as the theoretical
framework for the proposed study. Predictor variables are demographic,
stressors, perceived control, premorbid psychiatric functioning, and
early parental bonding. Moderators are coping, perceived social support,
and family functioning as measured in ahistorical interactional
patterns. Outcome variables are health maintenance behaviors, current
risk behaviors, mother-infant interaction, and mother's distress. Two
time periods within the first post-partum year serve as snapshots of
adjustment: (1) four to eight weeks after the birth; and (2) the twelfth
month of age. This study will gather information on presumed predictor,
moderator and outcome. We believe this information can assist us in
formulating a model that in turn, will lead to the development of
relevant interventions that utilize family-based social support to help
this population cope with the stresses of seropositivity and concurrent
new motherhood.
Effective start/end date6/1/9311/30/96


  • National Institutes of Health: $313,956.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health


  • Medicine(all)

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