HIV-1 Infection: Central Dopamine and Cognition

  • Kumar, Adarsh, (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): HIV-infection is associated with subcortical type of cognitive dysfunctions and motor disorders. Several lines of evidence suggest that central dopamine deficiency in humans plays an important role in the development of these dysfunctions. These observations have lead to the concept that central dopamine deficiency occurs in HIV-1 infection. Our earlier studies showing a decrease in the levels of dopamine in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of HIV-1+ individuals support this concept. However, the relationship between central dopamine deficiency and cognitive dysfunctions in HIV-1 infection has not been fully investigated. The recent establishment of the NIH sponsored National NeuroAIDS Tissue Consortium (NNTC) has provided an opportunity to test the hypothesis that decreased dopamine levels in various areas of the brain will be related to the cognitive deficits in HIV-1 infection. This application proposes to test this hypothesis by quantifying levels of dopamine and its metabolite, homovanillic acid (HVA), in different areas of the brain of HIV-l+ cases with known cognitive status during life and in HIV-1- cases. It is proposed to investigate samples of brain and CSF obtained from a total of 60 adult men and women, age 19-50 (HIV-I+ cases, N=40; and HIV-1- cases, N=20), belonging to three ethnic groups (Caucasian, African-Americans, Hispanics). The brain tissue from HIV-1+ cases (N=40) will include 10each from those diagnosed with HAD, MCMD, NPI and no cognitive impairment. Tissue samples of the basal ganglia (caudate nucleus and putamen, globus pallidus), substantia nigra, and the frontal cortex, as well as CSF of obtained from the NNTC, and will be assayed for the levels of dopamine and its metabolite, HVA. It is hypothesized that the levels of dopamine and HVA will be decreased in the brain regions ofHIV-1+ cases with cognitive dysfunctions compared to that in HIV-1- cases. This application will also investigate the relationship between central viral load and dopamine/HVA levels, as well as explore the relationship of HAART intervention with dopamine/HVA levels in HIV-1+ individuals. These findings will be helpful in developing therapeutic strategies for interventions.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/036/30/07

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $215,888.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $215,888.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $215,888.00

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Cognition
HIV Infections
HIV-1
Dopamine
Homovanillic Acid
Brain
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Globus Pallidus
Caudate Nucleus
Putamen
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Frontal Lobe
Substantia Nigra
Basal Ganglia
Viral Load
Hispanic Americans
Ethnic Groups
African Americans
HIV
Cognitive Dysfunction

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)