FERTILITY, EMPLOYMENT, &CHILD CARE: A DYNAMIC ANALYSIS

  • Robins, Philip (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The goal of the proposed research is to provide a comprehensive
analysis of the interrelations among child care demand, labor
supply, and fertility in families with young children. To
accomplish this goal, the Youth cohort of the National
Longitudinal Survey (NLS-Y) for the years 1982 through 1986 will
be used. The NLS-Y contains perhaps the most comprehensive
information available at the household level on utilization of
child-care by families with young children. The child-care data
will used together with labor supply and fertility information from
the NLS-Y over the same five-year period.

Some of the important issues to be addressed in the study include
the following: (1) How does the cost of child care affect labor
supply decisions of mothers of young children and other family
members, both at a given time and over time? (2) How does the
cost of child care affect the timing of biths? (3) How does the
cost of child care affect the quality of child care purchased in the
market and the demand for market versus informal (nonmarket)
care? (4) What are the determinants of the cost of child care?
(5) How stable are child-care arrangements and do changes in
child-care arrangements reflect dissatisfaction with current
arrangements or changes in the circumstances surrounding
employment? (6) How does the myriad of available child-care
subsidies affect fertility, employment, and child-care decisions
and what factors determine whether a family chooses to receive a
particular type of subsidy? Answers to these and related
questions are important both for contributing to a general
understanding of the determinants of crucial aspects of family
behavior and for an understanding of the possible behavioral
effects induced by government policies.

A variety of statistical procedures will be employed in the
analysis, to exploit the panel feature of the data. These include
discrete time hazard rate models, tobit models, and Poisson
regression models.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date12/31/897/31/92

Funding

  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

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