Families Preventing HIV in Hispanic Adolescents

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (adapted from the applicant's abstract): There are currently no
published studies specifically documenting the efficacy of HIV prevention
interventions with Hispanic adolescents. This study proposes to test the
efficacy of 2 HIV prevention interventions with an urban poor, recent immigrant
Hispanic population. All interventions have been constructed to build on
Hispanic cultural values by validating the central role of the family as
protector and change agent of its youth. 300 families with an eighth grade
adolescent will be randomized into 3 conditions: Experimental Condition A =
HEPI to improve parenting + PATH for HIV prevention; Experimental Condition B =
English classes + PATH for HIV prevention; Condition C = English classes + a
cardiovascular prevention intervention. English classes are used as a control
for nonspecific factor of the parenting intervention, and the cardiovascular
intervention for control of nonspecific factors in HIV prevention. The proposed
study investigates if providing HIV prevention in the context of a parenting
intervention significantly increases the efficacy of the HIV prevention
intervention.

The parenting intervention has been shown to significantly increase/improve
parental investment, parent-adolescent communication, parental monitoring
skills, problem behaviors, and alcohol use in recent immigrant Hispanic
adolescents. The HIV prevention intervention has been shown to significantly
positively influence parent-adolescent communication about HIV, increase
parents' and adolescents' knowledge about HIV, and increase adolescents'
intentions to use condoms.

Dosage has been equalized across interventions and control. Stratified urn
randomization along 7 variables will be used. Efficacy will be assessed in
relation to: (H1) ultimate outcomes of risky sexual behavior and drug use; (H2)
ecodevelopmental mediators (parental investment, parent-adolescent
communication, parental monitoring); and, (H3) social cognitive mediators
(attitudes, subjective norms, perceived control, and behavioral intentions).
Multi-method, multi-reporter assessments will allow the construction of latent
constructs using SEM. HLM will be used for growth curve analysis of the three
conditions over the 5 time points (Baseline, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months post
baseline).
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/008/31/06

Funding

  • National Institute of Mental Health: $665,888.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $612,670.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $692,260.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $658,495.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $678,452.00

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