EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEARING LOSS IN HISPANICS

Project: Research project

Description

An estimated twenty-eight million people in the United States are hearing
impaired. Despite the importance of hearing loss as a public health
problem there has been relatively little research on the epidemiology of
hearing loss-- particularly in the U.S. Hispanic population. This study
seeks to: 1) provide estimates of the prevalence of hearing loss in
Cuban-American, Mexican-American and puerto Rican children, 2) develop
a psychosocial and risk factor profile of hearing impaired Hispanic
adults and children, and 3) develop a psychosocial profile of hearing
impaired hispanics who use hearing aids. Data for this project are
derived form the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
(HHANES) which was conducted by the National Center of Health Statistic.
The HHANE employed a complex multi-stage sampling design aimed at
obtaining a representative sample of Mexican-Americans in the Southwest
(Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona and California), Cuban-Americans
in the Miami area (Dade County) and Puerto Ricans int he New York City
area. Pure tone audiometric data were collected on fifty percent of the
adults and all children ages 6 to 19 years of age who participated in the
HHANES physical examination. Air conduction thresholds were obtained at
500, 1000, 2000 and 400 Hertz (Hz). Analyses will be conducted
separately for males and females within the three ethnic groups using the
general linear model and logistic regression programs from SAS. Age-
adjusted percentages will be calculated to make gender-specific
comparisons within each of the three ethnic groups (Cuban-American,
Mexican-American and Puerto Rican). Because of the multi-stage sampling
design, analyses will be performed with adjustments for sample weights
and design effects. Information from this study will be critical in the
development and implementation of primary intervention programs (e.g.,
reduction in noise exposure) and tertiary intervention programs (e.g.,
increase in hearing aid usage) in the Hispanic Population.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date12/1/9311/30/96

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $37,774.00
  • National Institutes of Health

Fingerprint

Hearing Loss
Hispanic Americans
Epidemiology
Hearing Aids
Ethnic Groups
Linear Models
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Nutrition Surveys
Population
Hearing
Physical Examination
Noise
Logistic Models
Air
Psychology
Health
Research

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)