ECONOMIC EVALUATION METHODS--DEVELOPMENT &APPLICATIONS

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION: (Applicant's Abstract)

Program evaluation research has a long tradition in health care and many
evaluation methods are scientifically advanced and empirically tested.
However, program evaluation of substance abuse interventions is a relatively
new science, especially regarding estimation of economic costs and benefits.
The dearth of both theoretical and empirical economic evaluation studies is
particularly unfortunate for substance abuse programs because contemporary
funding sources (i.e., insurance companies, managed care organizations,
State legislatures, national government, foundations) are demanding that
these programs demonstrate positive net benefits. With little guidance on
how to conduct or interpret economic analyses, these programs are at a
distinct disadvantage for securing competitive health care dollars. Given
the great need for economic evaluation studies in the substance abuse
literature, the proposed application will complete the following broad aims.
1. Develop and improve scientifically rigorous yet practical economic
evaluation methods that can be readily adapted to various types of drug
abuse interventions, particularly treatment and prevention programs. 2.
Test the practicality and scientific integrity of these economic evaluation
methods using data from currently funded drug abuse research studies that do
not have a structured or advanced economic analysis component. The proposed
study would provide support for the investigators to continue a productive
research program on the economics of substance abuse by committing resources
to the important task of methods development and testing. The research and
policy significance of this application is immediate and widespread. A
majority of substance abuse researchers and practitioners are convinced that
most structured substance abuse programs/interventions are effective and
cost-effective relative to other health (e.g., brief counseling, self-help
groups) and non-health (e.g., legal sanctions, coercion programs)
alternatives. However, to guarantee their survival in today's health care
environment, substance abuse programs/interventions must demonstrate their
economic value through rigorous economic analyses that will generate
quantitative evidence for clients, public officials, and third-party payers.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/988/31/05

Funding

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: $238,364.00
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: $56,171.00
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: $250,708.00
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: $59,373.00
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: $149,314.00

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