CBT for depression &adherence in HIV methadone patients

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Overview. Patients with HIV, depression, and opioid-dependence are at high risk for poor health outcomes. This is a two-arm randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression and HIV medication adherence in patients with opioid dependence who are receiving methadone maintenance treatment. The project is based on our pilot work with close attention to NIDA guidelines for a staged approach to treatment development and testing. Background. Depression is highly co-morbid with both HIV infection and with opioid dependence. Depression and substance abuse are both associated with poor adherence to antiretroviral medications. Patients with HIV, depression, and opioid dependence are at high risk for poor health outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy is the most widely studied and efficacious psychosocial intervention for depression; and research by the PI and others has shown that cognitive-behavioral interventions have been successful in promoting adherence to HIV medications. Conceptual Model: Symptoms of depression (i.e. low motivation, poor concentration, loss of interest, sad mood, suicidal ideation) that occur in the context of substance abuse or dependence can interfere with self-care behaviors necessary for maintaining HIV care, as well as interfere with potential benefit from an intervention that focuses on adherence alone. We hypothesize that teaching skills to cope with depression will improve the outcome from an adherence intervention to promote healthier living with HIV, in HIV+ opiate dependent individuals in methadone maintenance treatment. Overview of Research Plan. Patients who are HIV positive and who are receiving methadone maintenance for opioid dependence will be randomized to treatment with either: (1) "CBT," a combination of CBT for depression and HIV medication adherence, including a single session intervention for HIV medication adherence in conjunction with physician feedback regarding baseline study assessments or (2) the single session intervention for HIV medication adherence in conjunction with physician feedback regarding baseline study assessments. Participants will be followed for one-year post-randomization.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/5/046/30/09

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $65,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $79,856.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $512,936.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $63,329.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $604,301.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $77,438.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $513,177.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $513,831.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $467,564.00

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Methadone
HIV
Depression
Opioid Analgesics
Medication Adherence
Substance-Related Disorders
Cognitive Therapy
Opiate Alkaloids
Physicians
Suicidal Ideation
Self Care
Random Allocation
Therapeutics
Health
HIV Infections
Motivation
Research
Teaching
Randomized Controlled Trials
Guidelines