BUILT ENVIRONMENT &HISPANIC ELDERS' BEHAVIORAL HEALTH

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (Taken from the Investigator's Abstract)
The proposed project seeks to understand how, and to what extent, an elder's
built environment is mediated by the elder's social behaviors and effective
support systems to affect behavioral health changes for elderly Hispanic
residents in a low-socioeconomic (SES) Urban Neighborhood: East Little
Havana, Florida. An elder's built environment is defined by a set of
architectural features of the buildings on the elder's residential street. A
residential street is defined by two block faces bounded either by two
intersections or by one intersection and a street ending. There are 226 such
residential streets in East Little Havana. The proposed study will test a
model that predicts that the architectural features of an elder's built
environment are sequentially mediated by the elder's social behaviors and
effective social supports to influence the trajectory of change in their
cognitive functioning and their affective symptoms over a 36-month period.
The method involves evaluating and coding the buildings on each of East Little
Havana's 226 residential streets to describe the residential streets that
support social connectedness. A household survey (covering 3,900 properties)
will be conducted to locate the elders 70 years or older on each residential
street. Then, two or more elders are to be randomly selected from each
residential street, recruited, and engaged to participate in the study, and
assessed at baseline and again at 12, 24 and 36 months after baseline.
Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Multilevel Latent Growth Curve Analysis will
be used to examine the effects of the built environment and the mediating
effects of individual social behaviors and effective social supports on the
trajectory of change in cognitive functioning and change in affective symptoms
in elders over a 36-month time period. Findings will be disseminated at three
conferences focusing on the project in addition to submitting technical papers
to be presented at professional meetings and to refereed journals.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/008/31/06

Funding

  • National Institute of Mental Health: $540,640.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $537,601.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $478,568.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $11,186.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $8,860.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $473,297.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $534,537.00

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