Building an unbiased pooled cohort for the study of lifecourse social and vascular determinants of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders

  • Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Abstract Critical social and vascular risk factors for Alzheimer?s disease and related dementias (ADRD) occur in childhood, early adulthood, or midlife, decades before ADRD is typically diagnosed. Most cohorts dedicated to the study of aging are initiated in mid to late life, and are therefore not ideal for evaluating the effects of early life risk factors. Synthetic cohorts, which pool multiple data sources that in combination span early to late life, provide an unparalleled opportunity to rigorously evaluate lifecourse mechanisms of ADRD. Lifecourse research, especially when based on synthetic cohorts, faces several methodological challenges related to survival, enrollment and attrition that are differential across the pooled studies, and reverse causation from incipient dementia. The long-term goal of our research is to pinpoint how and when we can intervene to prevent or delay the onset of ADRD. Yet, the differential selection forces in a synthetic cohort can make it impossible to identify protective factors, can spuriously make harmful factors appear innocuous, and can provide incorrect guidance on prevention priorities. In this study, we propose to pool eight data sources comprising children, young, middle-aged, and older adults to create a SYNthetic Birth cohort for research on ADRD (SynBAD), correcting for differential survival, enrollment or attrition, and reverse causation, allowing us to rigorously evaluate the effects of lifecourse social and vascular risk factors. SynBAD will include the Bogalusa Heart Study, the Muscatine study, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, the Coronary Artery Risk in Development in Young Adults, the Health and Retirement Study, the REasons for Geographic And Racial Disparities in Stroke, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Studies. SynBAD will be large (N=304,171) and exceptionally diverse, facilitating research on the drivers of ADRD among women (56%) and Black individuals (25%). Specifically, we propose to (Aim 1) create a diverse synthetic birth cohort (age 0 to 90) for the study of social and vascular risk factors for ADRD, incorporating corrections for differential survival, enrollment, and attrition; (Aim 2), evaluate and correct for reverse causation -- in which incipient dementia induces changes in risk factors -- by using a reverse Mendelian Randomization approach based on identifying the age-specific effects of a genetic risk score for ADRD on risk factors; (Aim 3), rigorously estimate the causal effects of social and vascular factors on ADRD risk using the synthetic cohort corrected for selection and reverse causation biases; and (Aim 4), quantify reduction in lifetime ADRD cases and ADRD racial disparities that could be achieved with a variety of hypothetical interventions on social or vascular risk factors at different ages. Given the role of biological sex with social and vascular risk factors and dementia risk, we will allow for distinct risk models for men and women. This study will improve the validity of lifecourse research using synthetic cohorts and provide more valid and public health relevant estimates of the effects of social and vascular determinants of ADRD.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date6/15/213/31/22

Funding

  • National Institute on Aging: $814,437.00

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