Axon Regenration: Synergistic Actions of the MAPK and Cyclic AMP Pathways

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our ultimate goal is to develop effective strategies to improve outcome after human spinal cord injury (SCI). We have demonstrated (Pearse et al., 2004) that a triple combination of a SC implant, a one-time injection of cAMP into the cord above and below the implant, and a two-week subcutaneous infusion of Rolipram induced substantial growth of serotonergic fibers into the implant and beyond into the cord caudal to the implant. A marked improvement in locomotor test scores was observed in groups with the best growth of serotonergic axons in the caudal cord. To build on these results, we propose three Specific Aims using the same injury model and SC grafting (Pearse et al., 2004). In Aim 1, we will determine the most effective delivery site (lesion, raphe somata, or both) for cAMP elevation (by measuring fibers and evaluating locomotion). BDNF is known also to promote growth of serotonergic axons into the cord caudal to a SC graft; therefore we will determine the most efficacious site for BDNF delivery using the same SCI paradigm. In Aim 2, we propose to test the possibility that the combination of cAMP elevation and BDNF administration will be more effective than either one alone. Administration of cAMP (best route) and BDNF (best route) will be combined and the serotonergic axon growth response compared to that observed with either factor alone. Behavioral test results will be correlated with axon growth in each animal. In Aim 3, we propose to determine the functionality of the serotonergic projections after our most effective treatment. First, changes in locomotion caused by pharmacologically blocking serotonergic receptors will be assessed. Second, we will determine reflex responses to somatic afferent stimulation following electrical stimulation of raphespinal pathways. Third, the release of 5-HT by descending fibers after the best treatment will be verified. Exploration of combined therapies to improve serotonergic fiber growth beyond the site of injury and determination of the role of the potentially improved growth on locomotion will lead to new clinical strategies in the future.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date6/1/0711/30/12

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $44,627.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $334,688.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $323,864.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $331,341.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $289,491.00

Fingerprint

Cyclic AMP
Axons
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
Growth
Locomotion
Spinal Cord Injuries
Rolipram
Subcutaneous Infusions
Wounds and Injuries
Carisoprodol
Electric Stimulation
Reflex
Serotonin
Therapeutics
Transplants
Injections

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)